The 150th Camden Expedition
ARKADELPHIA, Ark. – March 29, 1864
The lead elements of Steele’s Force enter Arkadelphia, AR via the Old Military Road and begin to forage for food. It takes a lot to fill the bellies of 8000 men and 12,000 mules and horses.
Steele begins his wait for Brigadier General Thayer’s Frontier Division, which is supposed to arrive on April 1st. However, Thayer’s force is also hampered by rainy conditions and muddy roads and is making slow progress.
CAMDEN, Ark. – March 29, 1864
In the meantime, Confederate General John Marmaduke, who commands two of the five cavalry brigades of overall commander Sterling Price’s forces, sends Brigadier General Joe Shelby’s brigade to harass Steele’s column. Shelby leaves Tate’s Bluff just north of Camden, crosses the Ouachita River, and heads northwest to find Steele.
Marmaduke also sends his other brigade under Colonel Colton Greene to a point just south of where the Old Military Road crosses the Little Missouri River, at the town of Antoine, which is about 22 miles southwest of Arkadelphia.
Major General Price also sends William Cabell’s Brigade of General James Fagan’s Division from Tate’s Bluff to the town of Antoine.