Camden Expedition: April 15, 1864

CAMDEN, Ark.

It didn’t take long for the Union advance to run into the Confederates on the morning of April 15th.

The Confederates were outnumbered and saddle weary from their long ride. The combined Union Infantry and Cavalry units pushed aside the Confederates after a 2 hour skirmish and continued their move to Camden.

General Marmaduke

General Marmaduke

Meanwhile, Confederate General Marmaduke, fearing the Union forces would get their hands on the Confederate supplies in Camden, raced to the town and set fire to as much public property as they could. They then withdrew 8 miles southwest of the city.

Union General Rice entered Camden as the sun was setting on April 15th.

Two events occurred in the Confederate camps late on April 15th.

The first: Price had followed the southern detour around the Union Army and joined General Marmaduke’s Division south of Camden. The Confederates began to block roads out of Camden to the west and to the south. This left the Union Army with only the northern and eastern roads out of Camden, unless they want to get into another fight.

Secondly: Overall Confederate Trans-Mississippi Commander, General Kirby Smith decided he would attack Union General Steele’s Force in Camden, AR. This decision came after his subordinate, General Richard Taylor had defeated the Union Force under General Banks at Mansfield, La (40 miles south of Shreveport, LA) and fought Banks to a standstill at Pleasant Hills, LA (50 miles south of Shreveport, LA).

Confederate General Smith supposedly believed if he could soundly defeat Steele, then he could recapture Little Rock. So, much to the chagrin of Confederate General Richard Taylor, Commander Smith took 3 infantry Divisions and headed northeast toward Arkansas.

About Civil War Reflections

Vernon has been a Civil War buff since childhood, but had been inactive in Civil War history for over two decades. However, in the early 1990s his interest was rekindled after watching Ken Burns’ “Civil War Documentary” on PBS. He particularly became interested in the Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg) and decided to learn more about this epic struggle.
This entry was posted in Arkansas, Civil War, Event, Red River, War Stories and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s